They first gathered in Kirtland, Ohio, and established an outpost in Independence, Missouri, which was intended to be Zion's "center place".
During the 1830s, Smith sent out missionaries, published revelations, and supervised construction of the expensive Kirtland Temple.
Members of the church were later called "Latter Day Saints", or "Mormons", and in 1838, Smith announced a revelation that renamed the church as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.
The collapse of the church-sponsored Kirtland Safety Society and violent skirmishes with non-Mormon Missourians caused Smith and his followers to establish a new settlement at Nauvoo, Illinois, where he became a spiritual and political leader.
In 1844, Smith and the Nauvoo city council angered non-Mormons by destroying a newspaper that had criticized Smith's power and practice of polygamy.
In any event, Harris returned to Harmony in April 1828, and continued as Smith's scribe.
However, by June 1828, Harris began having doubts about the project, fueled in part by his wife's skepticism.
In February 1828, Martin Harris arrived to assist Smith by transcribing his dictation.
Harris also took a sample of the characters to a few prominent scholars, including Charles Anthon.
(December 23, 1805 – June 27, 1844) was an American religious leader and founder of Mormonism and the Latter Day Saint movement.
When he was twenty-four, Smith published the Book of Mormon.
Later that year, when Smith promised to abandon treasure seeking, Hale offered to let the couple live on his property in Harmony and help Smith get started in business.