Buttonwillow is also locally known as the cotton country, due to the abundant planting of cotton in the vicinity.
Beginning about four miles (6.4 km) south of town along Elk Hills Road, between Buttonwillow and Taft, is the enormous Elk Hills Oil Field, formerly the Naval Petroleum Reserve No.
The Miller-Lux holdings company eventually established a headquarters and store near the tree.
The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.4%.
699 people (46.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 809 people (53.6%) lived in rental housing units.
There is a large electrical substation next to the town that is a part of a major north–south transmission corridor.
It marks the northern end of Path 26 across the Transverse Ranges and the southern end of the Path 15 power lines.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,266 people, 328 households, and 270 families residing in the CDP.
The population density was 181.7 people per square mile (70.1/km²).15.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.The average household size was 3.81 and the average family size was 4.25. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.6 males.There were 364 housing units at an average density of 52.2 per square mile (20.2/km²).The racial makeup of the CDP was 34.28% White, 3.79% Black or African American, 1.66% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 55.06% from other races, and 5.13% from two or more races.46 households (12.1%) were made up of individuals and 29 (7.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. There were 320 families (84.4% of all households); the average family size was 4.30. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.9 males.