Out of the insurgency came a highly destructive group calling itself ISIL, which took large parts of the north and west.It has since been largely defeated and only retains small territory.
The area has been home to successive civilisations since the 6th millennium BC.
Iraq was the centre of the Akkadian, Sumerian, Assyrian, and Babylonian empires.
The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish.
Iraq has a coastline measuring 58 km (36 miles) on the northern Persian Gulf and encompasses the Mesopotamian Alluvial Plain, the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, and the eastern part of the Syrian Desert.
In 1958, the monarchy was overthrown and the Iraqi Republic created.
Iraq was controlled by the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party from 1968 until 2003.Finds of obsidian tools from Anatolia are evidences of early trade relations.Further important sites of human advancement were Jarmo (circa 7100 BC), The historical period in Iraq truly begins during the Uruk period (4000 BC to 3100 BC), with the founding of a number of Sumerian cities, and the use of Pictographs, Cylinder seals and mass-produced goods.Item Price: .00 At present Amazon gift card is the only method of payment we are accepting.Send a Amazon e-gift card to [email protected] email: [email protected] THE PAYMENT: Send Instant delivery Email amazon gift card Instructions: The picture below explains what to do on the next page.Two major rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, run south through Iraq and into the Shatt al-Arab near the Persian Gulf.