Economically, the island once heavily depended on the cultivation of sugar cane.However, over the last decades, the country's economy has diversified.The regulations make provision for extending the period of validity of a passport; however, after a passport is expired, there is no provision for renewal, and instead a new application must be made to the Passport and Immigration Office.
The vast majority of its population (80%) lives in European Russia, therefore Russia as a whole is included as a European country here.
Although the island nation of Mauritius is characterised by political and economic stability, a proportion of people still find themselves on the bottom steps of the socioeconomic ladder.
Infant mortality rates have dropped, universal access to health care has been secured, malaria and polio eliminated and nearly the entire population has access to clean drinking water.
According to the Central Statistical Office, fertility rates have also dropped noticeably over recent years while life expectancy has been on the rise.
The note inside Mauritian passports states: In English: The President of the Republic of Mauritius requests and requires all those whom it may concern to allow the bearer to pass freely without let or hindrance, and to afford such assistance and protection as may be necessary.
As of 1 January 2017, Mauritian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 131 countries and territories, ranking the Mauritian passport 33rd in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley visa restrictions index.The constitution of Mauritius clearly prohibits forced labour and slavery.Although the government of Mauritius has significantly strengthened its legal framework to fight child labour, the commercial exploitation of minors has not completely disappeared.The word "Passport" is inscribed below the coat of arms, and "Republic of Mauritius" above. The Mauritian passport includes the following data: The information page ends with the Machine Readable Passport Zone.The passports contain a note from the issuing state that is addressed to the authorities of all other states, identifying the bearer as a citizen of that state and requesting that he or she be allowed to pass and be treated according to international norms.Owing to its history, Mauritius has always been a melting pot of cultures and ethnic heritage.