Source: New York Public Library Lunch Hour NYC Exhibition at NYPL through February 17, 2013 Arad, Brasov, Botosani, Bucharest, Cluj, Dorohoi, Falticeni, Iasi, Oradea, Piatra Neamt, Radauti, Roman, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Sighetu Marmatiei, Siret, Suceava, Targu Mures, Timisoara, Galati, Tecuci, Barlad, Tulcea Jewish Heritage Travel – A Guide to Eastern Europe. Jews settled here in the early 18th century, reaching a total population of about 10,000 before World War II. Most emigrated to Israel at the onset of the war, with only a few dozen remaining. Marchian 1The only remaining synagogue in the city and one of the oldest and most richly decorated in Moldova, the Great Synagogue of Botosani was built in 1834.
Playwright Eugene Ionesco; actors Molly Picon, Edward Robinson and John Houseman; conductor Sergiu Comissiona; opera star Alma Gluck; pianists Clara Haskil and Theodor Fuchs, and writers Isaac Peltz and Elie Wiesel are some of the internationally known Jewish Romanian personalities in the artistic world.
Violinist Miriam Fried, now an Israeli citizen, was born in Romania, as was Saul Steinberg, an artist best known for his New Yorker drawings.
A monument to the victims of the 1941 pogrom stands outside the Great Synagogue. Sinagogilor 7 The Great Synagogue of Iasi, currently undergoing renovations, is the oldest surviving Jewish prayer house in Romania and the second oldest synagogue in Europe.
It was founded in 1670, reportedly at the initiative of Rabbi Nathan (Nata) ben Moses Hannover, author of .
During the 15th and 16th centuries, Polish Jewish merchants set up storehouses, trading posts, and eventually, permanent settlements.
During the region's domination by the Turks, the Romanian Jewish Community evolved into a prosperous middle class.
By the early 16th century, their number again increased by immigrants fleeing from Cossack uprisings in Poland and the Ukraine.
During the Middle Ages, Jewish immigrants began settling in Walachia and Moldova, with ever-increasing numbers arriving after Spain's expulsion of the Jews in 1492.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Bucharest's Jewish population numbered 40,000 with 70 temples and synagogues. Most of the tombs here are overgrown and sunken into the earth. In 1855, the city was the home of the first-ever Yiddish-language newspaper, and the birthplace of the Israeli national anthem.
From this great number, only a few survived the brutality of history - fascism and communism – and two still serve the city's present Jewish community. Moses Rosen Museum of the History of the Jewish Community in Romania – Holocaust Museum Address: Str. The world's first professional Yiddish-language theater was opened here in 1876 by Avram Goldfaden, who later founded New York's first Jewish Theater.
Today, there are poignant reminders of Romania's Jewish heritage and roots.